Political Science is a dynamic
and ever-changing subject. Candidates aspiring to opt for it should be more
aware of the shift in focus than the skeletal changes in the revised syllabus.
Opting for Aristotle's Master science, the aspirant should master the techniques
to make best use of these changes like a crafty politician.
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A D V E R T I S E M E N T
The advantages of
picking political science as a favourite optional are manifold. It helps
candidates in updating their knowledge of the current events and provides a
fresh perspective on the burning domestic and foreign policy issues. About half
of the general studies paper is vitally related to the two papers of political
science for the main examination. Besides, that is the best subject to ensure a
sound sleep during the interview days simply because you have readymade answer
for virtually all the question being asked by the board members.
The recent years' trend also
reveals that the candidates with political science as an optional have fared
better in many respects. The rate of success is going higher and higher. The
purpose of this write- up, however, is to make you w armed about the subject in
the context of revised syllabus.
A cursory view of the changed
syllabus indicates towards the modification at two levels: (a) new addition, and
(b) shift in focus. Interestingly, what appear to be additions are really the
extended and focused parts of the existing topics. This means that students will
have to prepare for the same old themes but in a changed context. This sounds
appropriate as much water has flown down the Gangas since the previous paper was
set up. More so in the context of political science where changes start
reflecting realities, both at the domestic and external planes. The centralised
polity of India has finally given way to coalition politics, and now it seems
the coalition culture is here to stay in one way or the other. The rehearsing of
International relations paper was highly imperative in the context of Collapse
of Soviet Union, the end of cold war, and the emergence of a new world order
shaped and designed by the United States-led Unipolar World.
We have seen a lot of face
lifting and reading, real changes are not drastic and metamorphic. The topics
that were included as subtopics in the old syllabus have been given a separate
and independent status in the revised course. Yet, a few substantial changes are
the additions like Nationalism and Internationalism and the theories of
international relations, primarily corresponding with the international
relations paper in the Mains. So far freshers opting for political science used
to get abruptly exposed to the strangers zone called international politics.
Now, they will have some idea about the world political scenario with the help
of the new topics.
A brief survey of the
significant additions in the section (A) of the political science paper reveals
that a couple of unexplored areas have been taken in. The meaning, nature and
scope of political science and its relations with other subjects; concepts of
nationalism and internationalism, major theories of International Relations;
.Social movements; and the bureaucracy are the major themes brought under focus
in the revised syllabus.
Section (B) of the prelims has
also registered a few additions signifying both structural and spiritual shift.
Approaches to the study of governments; classification of political systems; the
constituent assembly, the party system in India, the interaction of government
and the local-self governments; bureaucracy and development, and the challenges
to the Indian Democracy are major additions. The students should specifically
focus on the themes like 73rd constitutional amendment, the political parties
and the bureaucracy. It would be advisable to tell about the clarity of concepts
and the grasp of knowledge both in vertical and horizontal dimensions to qualify
the prelims. More you have read, more facts will strike your memory while
searching for the right answer through the process of examination. That is why,
a serious and hard working student proves better in answering the objective type
test questions than an ill-organised and poor in knowledge candidate.