The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS).
In 1948, a year after India gained independence; the Imperial Police was replaced by the IPS.
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The Indian Police Service is an unchanged copy of The British Colonial Police Service it replaced; it is an elitist service and was designed for the dictatorship of Colonial domination. The pattern of unaccountable IPS officers with huge powers is very similar to those given by the German Third Reich to its officers who were sent to administer the occupied territories.
The British Imperial Police Officers were in charge of a force to dominate the Indian people who were considered inferior. The British themselves in their own homeland had a very different police service which was set up to be accountable to the public with the emphasis as a service body.
The IPS Examination
Meanwhile while most police forces promote their officers from the ranks. To be a senior officer in the IPS you have to pass a separate examination. This system was designed to ensure white British Officers occupied the top echelons.
The British ensured that young white officers who passed a exam would be able to administer and control districts with millions of inhabitants. These officers became part of an elite coterie of colonial administrators. Indians were given the subordinate non IPS ranks.
This system has continued via the Indian Civil service examinations where a group of people are given absolute power. There is no other model like it in the world. It is an undemocratic structure designed by foreign occupiers to control a subject population. The system is designed to control and rule rather than serve and be held accountable.
The system was devised in the United Kingdom for other populations, it was never deployed in the UK neither would it have ever been tolerated by the population. The IAS and IPS system was only for the colonial population.
This system has no place in a democracy and some say that we must follow the example of most other countries where officers or all recruited in the lower ranks and only those which pass a series of exams, show merit show performance are promoted. The IPS system denies the opportunity for many thousands in the lower ranks to achieve the top rank in the Police.