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 Home » Indian Forest Service » Plan of Examination » Zoology

Zoology


A D V E R T I S E M E N T
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Paper-II

Section-A

I. Cell Biology :

(a) Structure and function of cell andits organelles(nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, Golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes and Iysosomes), cell division (mitosis and meiosis), mitotic spindle and mitotic apparatus, chromosome movement.


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A D V E R T I S E M E N T


(b) Watson-Crick model of DNA, replication of DNA, protein synthesis, transcription and transcription factors.

II. Genetics

a) Gene structure and functions; genetic code.

(b) Sex chromosomes and sex determination in Drosophilla, nematodes and man.

(c) Mendel's laws of inheritance, recombination, linkage, linkage-maps, multiple alleles, cistron concept; genetics of blood groups.

(d) Mutations and mutagenesis : radiation and chemical.

(e) Cloning technology, plasmids and cosmids as vectors, transgenics, transposons, DNA sequence cloning and whole animal cloning (Principles and methodology).

(f) Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eu-karyotes.

(g) Signal transduction; pedigree-analysis; congenital diseases in man.

(h) Human genome mapping; DNA finger-printing.

III. Evolution

(a) Origin of life

(b) Natural selection, role of mutation in evolution, mimicry, variation, isolation, speciation.

(c) Fossils and fossilization; evolution of horse, elephant and man.

(d) Hardy-Weinberg Law, causes of change in gene frequency.

(e) Continental drift and distribution of animals.

IV. Systematics

(a) Zoological nomenclature; international code; cladistics.

Section-B

I. Biochemistry

(a) Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, lipids, proteins, aminoacids, nucleic acids; saturated and unsaturated fattyacids, cholesterol.

(b) Glycolysis and Krebs cycle, oxidation and reduction, oxidative phosphorylation; energy conservation and release, ATP, cyclic AMP-its structure and role.

(c) Hormone classification (steroid and peptide hormones), biosynthesis and function.

(d) Enzymes : types and mechanisms of action; immunoglobulin and immunity; vitamins and co-enzymes.

(e) Bioenergetics.

II Physiology (with special refernece ot mammals)

(a) Composition and constitutents of blood; blood groups and Rh factor in man; coagulation, factors and mechanism of coagulation; acid-base balance, thermo regulation.

(b) Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport; haemoglobin : constitutents and role in regulation.

(c) Nutritive requirements; role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas and intestinal glands in digestion and absorption.

(d) Excretory products; nephron and regulation of urine formation; osmoregulation.

(e) Types of muscles, mechanism of contraction of skeletal muscles.

(f) Neuron, nerve impulse-its conduction and synaptic transmission; neurotransmitters.

(g) Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.

(h) Mechanism of hormone action.

(i) Physiology of reproduction, role of hormones and phermones.

III. Developmental Biology

(a) Differentiation from gamete to neurula stage; dedifferentiation; metaplasia, induction, morphogenesis and morphogen; fate maps of gastrulae in frog and chick; organogenesis of eye and heart, placenation in mammals.

(b) Role of cytoplasm in and genetic control of development; cell lineage; causation of metamorphosis in frog and insects; paedogenesia and neoteny; growth, degrowth and cell death; ageing; blastogenesis; regeneration; teratogenesis; neoplasia.

(c) Invasiveness of placenta; in vitro fertilization; embryo transfer, cloning.

(d) Baer's law; evo-devo concept.





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