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Home » IAS Previous Year Test Papers » IAS PA Examination Paper

IAS Previous Year Test Papers

Public Administration - 1998 (Prelims)


Time Allowed : Two Hours                                                               Maximum Marks : 300 

1. The Railway budget was separated from the Central Budget in the year  
(a) 1920           (b) 1921         (c) 1922         (d) 1923

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2. The Speaker of the Lok Sabha has been empowered to exercise 'Guillotine' 
(a) After demands are discussed  
(b) after demands are discussed and passed 
(c) When the time allotted for budget discussions is exhausted 
(d) when the demands are passed with a cut

3. Which of the following are ensured by the Budget? 
1. Financial and legal accountability of the Executive to the Legislature. 
2. Accountability of each subordinate authority is Executive to the one immediately above in the hierarchy 
3. Accountability of the legislature to the Judiciary 
4. Accountability of government departments to Finance Ministry. 
(a) l and 2        (b) 1,3 and 4 
(c) 2,3 and 4   (d) 1,2 and 4

4. Which of the following Committees consist of representatives of both the Houses namely Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha? 
1. Estimate Committee 
2. Committee on Subordinate Legislation 
3. Public Accounts Committee 
4. Committee on Public Undertakings 
(a) l and 4           (b) 1, 2 and 3 
(c) 2, 3 and 4      (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

5. Which of the following tools of control may be adopted for raising a discussion in House on a matter of urgent public importance 
(a) Censure motion 
(b) Adjournment motion 
(c) Calling attention 
(d) Cut motion

6. Consider the following statements: 
The proposal to merge the Air-India and Indian Airlines into a single holding company is designed to 
1. achieve flexibility and co-ordination 
2. increasing competitiveness 
3. avoid financial loss 
4. get rid of surplus staff .
Of these statements 
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct        (b) 1 and 4 are correct  
(c) 1, 2 and 3 are correct            (d) 2, 3 and 4 are correct

7. A Judicial remedy whereby the State inquires into the legality of the claim which a party asserts to an office or franchise, is better known as 
(a) Mandamus      (b) Certiorari  
(c) Prohibition      (d) Quo Warrant

8. Which one of the following statements about the Planning Commission in India is true? 
(a) It is a constitutional body 
(b) it is a statutory body 
(c) It has been created by an executive order 
(d) It is quasi-judicial in character

9. Which one of the following is NOT a function of the Plan- Ding Commission of India? 
(a) Formulation of a plan 
(b) Execution of development plans 
(c) Appraisal of plan progress 
(d) Making recommendations on policy and administration

10. Out of the various forms of public enterprises in India, which one of the following is constituted through a separate statutory enactment? 
(a) Departmental            (b) Corporation  
(c) Company                  (d) Control Board

11. Which one of the following commissions recommended the setting up of a Public Service Commission for recruitment of personnel to the Public Services in India ? 
(a) Simon Commission 
(b) Lee Commission 
(c) Atlee Commission 
(d) Radcliff Commission

12. Consider the following statements: 
The Finance Commission makes recommendations to the President in respect of 
1. the distribution of net proceeds of taxes to be shares between the Union and the States 
2. assessment of natural, capital and human resources 
3. the principles governing grants in aid to the States 
4. any other matter concerning financial relations between the Union and the States 
Of these statements :
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct      (b) 2 and 4 are correct 
(c) 1, 3 and 4 are correct          (d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

13. Who allocates the business to various Ministries and Departments in the Government of 
India ? 
(a) President's Secretariat 
(b) Prime Minister's Secretariat 
(c) Parliament's Secretariat 
(d) Cabinet Secretariat

14. Which of the following are some of the functions of the Cabinet Secretariat ? 
1. To provide secretarial assistance to the Cabinet 
2. To provide secretarial services to various standing committees and 'adhoc committees of the Cabinet 
3. To assist ministers in the discharge of their parliamentary responsibilities 
(a) 1, 2 and 3          (b) 1 and 2 
(c) 1 and 3              (d) 2 and 3

15. Consider the following statements: 
The working of India's ONGC reveals that Government (Ministry of Petroleum) has bestowed on it 
1. financial freedom 
2. operational freedom  
3. freedom to take decision at the field manager level  4. freedom from administered prices  
5. freedom for personnel management .
Of these statements 
(a) 1 alone is correct                   (b) 1 and 2 are correct  
(c) 2, 3, 4 and 5 are correct        (d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 are correct

16. The economic liberalization policy of the Government of India has provided for which of the following measures for the reforms of the public enterprises ? 
1. Exit Policy 
2. Privatization of PSUs  
3. Providing autonomy to top profit-making units 
4. Globalization of PSUs 
Select the correct answer using the codes given below: 
(a) 1 and 3       (b) 1 and 2  
(c) 2, 3 and 4   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

17. The 'Navratna' policy of the Government of India provides the PSUs with which of the following? 
1. flexibility 
2. Financial autonomy 
3. Administrative autonomy  
4. Freedom for joint venture with equity within 5% of their net worth 
(a) 1 and 4     (b) 2, 3 and 4  
(c) 1,2 and 3  (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

18. The Dis-investment Commission has proposed a stock option scheme for the employees of PSUs. which of the following are its main features? 
1. No physical transfer of shares from the PSUs to their employee 
2. Management of the shares by a trust composed of experts 
3. Allotment of shares to new employees . 
4. Sale of shares in the stock market by the shareholding employees 
(a) l and 4           (b) 1, 2 and 3 
(b) 2, 3 and 4     (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

19. Consider the following steps: 
1. Closure of sick units 
2. Nationalization of joint public private units 
3. Introduction of MOU system 
4. Golden hand-shake 
5. National Renewal Fund The reform steps taken by the Government of India prior to its New Economic Policy regarding the public sector undertakings include 
(a) l and 2                 (b) 1, 2, 3 and 4 
(c) 1, 3, 4 and 5       (d) 3, 4 and 5

20. There shall be a Council of Ministers with the Prime Minister as the head to aid and advice the President who shall in the exercise of his functions act in accordance with his advice. This provision in the Constitution has been laid down by which one of the following Constitutional Amendment Act? 
(a) 41st         (b) 42nd         (c) 43rd         (d) 72nd

21. Match List I (features of the Indian Constitution with List II (their sources) and select the correct answer: 
           List I                                List II 
A. Fundamental Rights             1.Germany 
B. Directive Principles              2. U. S. A. of State Policy 
C. Emergency Powers              3. U. K. 
D. Rule of Law                         4. Ireland 
     A   B    C     D            A     B    C     D 
(a) 4    2     3     1      (b)   2      4     1     3 
(c) 4    2     1     3      (d)   2      4     3     1

22. Which of the following statements are true? 
1.In USA, there is a legal ban strikes by public employees 
2. In India, strike by public employees is an offence under the Essential Services Act 
3.In UK, the National Whitely Council's resolution bans strikes by public employees 
4. In UK, executive rules regard strikes as offences by public employees 
(a) 1 and 2               (b) 2 and 3  
(c) 3 and 4               (d) 1, 2 and 4

23. Consider the following statements: 
The Comparative Public Administration method of Rigs emphasizes a shift from 
1. normative to empirical    
2. ideograph to homothetic 
4. bureaucratic to non-bureaucratic
5. historical to philosophical   
Of these statements the correct statements are
(a) 1, 2 and 3                     (b) 1, 3 and 4
(c) 3,4 and 5                      (d) 2, 4 and 5

12. Under their service rules, the British Civil Servants are required to be
(a) neutral in politics
(b) can be partisan
(c) can be partly neutral and partly partisan
(d) can pursue active party politics

25. The credit for coining and applying the concept of indicative planning goes to
(a) erstwhile USSR
(b) Britain
(c) USA
(d) France

26. In which of the following modern states do the civil servants enjoy the legal right to take time off from their administrative career duties and responsibilities in order to contest elections and join politics for a term?
(a) USA
(b) Britain
(c) Russia
(d) France

27. Consider the following statements:
The members of the erstwhile Soviet bureaucracy
1. had the right to participate in active party politics
2. could not take part in party politics
3. could criticize the policies of the government  
4. had the right to pursue private economic activities
Of these statements :
(a) 1 alone is correct         (b) 1 and 4 are correct  
(c) 2 and 3 are correct      (d) 2, 3 and 4 are correct

28. The United States established the merit system of recruitment to the civil services through
(a) the Pendleton Act  
(b) the Budget and Accounting Act
(c) the Civil Service Reform Act
(d) an executive order of the President    

29. Consider the following statements :
The Civi1 Service Reform Act,1978 of United States introduced
1. performance-budgeting system
2. performance bonus for members of the senior executive service
3.. merit pays provision for middle managerial personnel
4. performance appraisal system .
5. office of Personnel Management
Of these statements :
(a) 1, 2 and 3 are correct      (b) 2, 3 and 4 are correct
(c) 2, 3 and 5 are correct      (d) 1, 4 and 5 are correct

30. Which of the following models were designed by Fred Riggs for the study of the administrative of developing nations?
1. Bureaucratic
2. Decision-making  
3. Non-government 
4. Prismatic/sala / bazaar canteen
5. Agreria-Industrial
(a) 1, 2 and 3                (b) 2, 3 and 4
(c) 4 and 5                    (d) 1, 4 and 5

31. Who among the following remained the Chairman of the Comparative Administration Group for ten years in the United States? 
(a) Woodrow Wilson 
(b) Herbert Simon   
(c) Dwight Waldo 
(d) Fred Riggs

32. Consider the following statements During the regime of Margaret Thatcher, Britain worked towards
1. strengthening the civil service 
2. weakening the administrative state 
3. strengthening the market economy 
4. weakening the welfare state 
5. privatizing the public sector units 
Of these statements : 
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct       (b) 1, 2, 4 and 5 are correct 
(c) 1, 3 and 5 are correct           (d) 2, 3, 4and 5 are correct

33. When there is no majority in the State Legislature Assembly the principal consideration governing the choice of the Chief Minister by the Governor of the State is the 
(a) ability of the person who is most likely to command a stable , majority in the House 
(b) largest political party in the Legislative Assembly 
(c) the combination of several parties as a unit 
(d) the loyalty and support of the party members to their respective party programs and policies

34. Which one of the following is a form of urban governance found in India? 
(a) Council Mayor 
(b) Commissioner  
(c) Mayor-in-Council 
(d) Council-Manager

35. Consider the following: 
1. Rural-Urban Relationship Committee 
2. The Committee of Ministers on Augmentation of Financial Resources of urban local bodies 
3. Local finance Enquirer Committee  
4. National Commission on Urbanization  
The correct chronological sequence is . 
(a) 2, 3, 4, 1                     (b) 3, 2, 1, 4 
(c) 2, 3, 1, 4                     (d) 3, 2, 4, 1

36."Local self government is and must be the basis of any true system of democracy. We have got rather into the habit of thinking democracy at the top and not so much below. Democracy at the top may not be a success unless we build its foundation from below" This statement is attributed to (a) Mahatma Gandhi 
(b) Jaiprakash Narain 
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru 
(d) Vinoba Bhave

37. Nagar Palika Bill was first introduced in Parliament during the Prime Ministership of 
(a) V. P. Singh              (b) Chandrashekhar 
(c) Rajiv Gandhi            (d) Narasimha Rao

38. The need for constitutional sanction to village panchayats was first felt by 
(a) Balwant ray Mehta Committee       (b) Asoka Mehta Committee 
(c) V.K.R. . Rao Committee               (d) L .M. Singhvi Committee

39. State Finance Commission is appointed by a State Government every five year to determine (a) financial resources of the state for placing state's requirement before the Union Government 
(b) development requirements of the state for formulating state Five year plans 
(c) budgetary requirements of various departments of the state government 
(d) pattern of distribution of state's tax revenue between the state government and local bodies (both rural and urban) and the pattern of grants-in-aid to local bodies

Directions:- The following 21 items consist of two statements, one labeled as' Assertion A' and the other labeled as 'Reason R'. You are to \examine these two statements carefully and decide if the Assertion A and the Reason R are individually true and if so, whether the Reason is a correct explanation of the Assertion. Select the your answers to these items using the codes given below and mark your answer sheet accordingly. 
Codes : 
(a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A 
(b) Both A and R are true but R is NOT the correct explanation of A 
(c) A is true but R is false 
(d) A is false but R is true

40. Assertion (A) : The relation between a generalist and a specialist is that of a senior and subordinate.
Reason (R) : A specialist is required to assist the generalist in the formulation and implementation of Public Policy.

41. Assertion (A) : Both Public and Private Administration operate in the same social environment. 
Reason (R) : Pressure group activity is more intense in Public than Private Administration.

42. Assertion (A) : Public Administration is an action oriented applied social science because it is engaged in the task of implementing Public Policies. 
Reason (R) : The need to adopt management science and techniques for improving the skills of Public Administrators  can hardly be overemphasized.

43. Assertion (A) : Public Administration is characterized by an absence of profit motive. 
Reason (R) : The basic aim of governmental activities is not to maximize profit, but to promote societal welfare.

44. Assertion (A) : Development approach to the study of Public Administration emerged due to increased realisation of their relevance of the western concepts in understudying the problems of third world nations.
Reason (R) : Development approach aims at establishing propositions about administrative behavior, which transcend national boundaries.

45. Assertion (A) : Classical theory views organisation as a formal structure of authority based on universal principles. 
Reason (R) : Classical theory views the human beings who run an organisation as mere cogs in the machine.

46. Assertion (A) : The responsibility and authority of each supervisor should be clearly defined in writing. 
Reason (R) : Responsibility should always be coupled with corresponding authority .

47. Assertion (A) : In every modem state the every increasing administration has focused attention on the urgent need for unity in administration.
Reason (R) : Integration and co-ordination have, therefore, become Sine-qua-non of a good administrative system today.

48. Assertion (A) : In an organisation such an environment should be created that everyone puts in his best in the work and the result is maximum output,
Reason ( R) : Supervision is to achieve co-ordination among the various units of an organisation.

49. Assertion (A) : It is not always easy to separate means from ends while making decisions. . Reason (R) : An apparent and may be only a means for some future end.

50. Assertion (A) : Communication involves something more than will transmission of message or transmission and physical  receipt of the same.
Reason (R) : Communication is the process through which two or more persons exchange ideas.

51. Assertion (A) : Leadership is a continuous process of influencing behavior .
Reason (R) : Leaders must show a genuine human concern for subordinates.

52. Assertion (A) : "Grapevine" is a means of communication. It stresses the operation of social forces at work place.
Reason (R) : Informal communication helps to minimize conflict in the organization.

53. Assertion (A) : Theory 'Y' suggests a new approach and emphasizes the co-operative effort of management and employees.
Reason (R) : Theory 'Y' emphasizes that most people have little capacity for creativity.

54. Assertion (A) : Lack of promotion system has a marked retroactive effect on all processes of personnel management.
Reason (R) : Promotionsystemisvita1forattracting and retaining talented persons in public services.

55. Assertion (A) : Though the Central Service officers are not All India service officers the nature of their task and postings make them truly Ali-Indian character.
Reason (R) : Unlike officers of All-India services ( Central service officers do not work under State governments while working in the States.

56. Assertion (A) : In India the Government provides for different kinds of mechanism for the settlement of disputes with its employees.
Reason (R) : Harmonious relations between employees and the employer lead to optimum output.

57. Assertion (A} : The estimates received from various , ministries are finally scrutinized by the Union Finance Ministry .
Reason (R) : The Union Finance Ministry consists of Departments of Revenue, Expenditure, Economic Affairs, Banking Finance

58. Assertion (A) : President of India is the Chief Executive of Government of India.
Reason (R) : President of India is elected by the elected members of Parliament and elected members of state legislative assemblies.

59. Assertion (A) : Reservation of seats for women in Panchayati Raj bodies will pave the way for their political empowerment.
Reason (R) : Empowerment of women is essential for the achievement of democracy and development.

60. Assertion (A) : The Chief Minister of a State is the head of the Council of Ministers of that State.
Reason (R) : The Chief Minister is responsible to State Legislative Assembly and enjoys the support of a majority in the House.

61. Which of the following pairs are correctly matched ? 
1. New Public Administration������.. Frank Marini 
2. Philosophy of Administration������ L. Meriam 
3. Politics Administration Dichotomy�����.. W. Wilson 
4. Conflict resolution through integration���� M. P. Follett 
(a) 1, 2 and 3                    (b) 1, 3 and 4 
(c) 1, 2 and 4                    (d) 2, 3 and 4

62. Which one of the following is NOT the function of Public Administration ? 
(a) To establish public health programs 
(b) To resolve problems of foreign policy 
(c) To settle disputes between private companies and labor unions 
(d) To obtain co-operation from the public in implementing public policies

63. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer : 
          List I (Authors)                            List II (Books) 
A. Gulick & Urwick                      1. Public Administration :
                                                         A Comparative Perspective 
B. Dwight Waldo                           2. Principles of Public Administration 
C. Ferrel Heady                             3. Papers on the Science of Public Administration  
D. Willoughby                                4. The Administrative State 
      A    B    C    D              A     B     C    D 
(a)  4     3     1    2       (b)    3      4      2    1 
(c)  3     4     1    2       (d)    4      3      2    1 

64. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer : 
           List I                            List II   
A. Fayol                             1. Public Administration is concerned 
                                               with the what and how of government 
B. Gulick                             2. Public Administration mainly has to do with the activities of the
                                                executive branch 

C. F. M. Marx                    3.
Administration has to do with planning , organization, command,
                                               coordination and control 
D. Dimock                          4. Public Administration embraces every area and every activity
                                               under the jurisdiction of public policy 
      A     B     C     D           A     B    C    D 
(a)  3      2      1     4      (b)  2      3     1    4 
(c)  3      2      4     1      (d)  2      3     4    1

65. The influence of socio psychological factors on the worker's output was first proved by: 
(a) Mary P. Follett           (b) Frederick W. Taylor 
(c) Elton Mayo                (d) Rensis Likert

66. According to Paul Appleby which of the following aspects differentiate government administration from its private counterpart ? 
1. Breadth of scope and impact 
2. Public accountability 
3. Political character 
4. Bureaucracy 
Choose the correct answer using the codes given below: 
(a) l, 2 and 3              (b) 2, 3 and 4 
(c) 1, 2 and 4             (d) 1,3 and 4

67. Which of the following statements are correct in respect of cameralists ? 
1. They did much for the training of administrators 
2. They were a group of French scholars 
3. The foremost among them was G. Zincke 
4. They combined professional posts with public service 
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4                  (b) 1, 3 and 4 
(c) 2 and 4                          (d) 1 and 3

68. Which of the following is NOT one of the three problem are as identified by Dahl in his "The Science of Public Administration" ? 
(a) Values                     (b) Personality differences 
(c) Policy making          (d) Socio-culture variations 

69. Consider the following statements : 
New Public Administration is 
1. anti-positivist 
2. supportive of politics -administration dichotomy 
3. anti-bureaucratic 
4. client-oriented 
Of these statements 
(a) 1, 3 and 4 are correct           (b) 1, 2 and 4 are correct 
(c) 2 and 3 are correct                (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 are correct 

70. Which one of the following is the correct sequence in which the following approaches to the Study of Public Administration as a discipline evolves ?
(a) Classical Approach. Human Relations Approach, Policy Approach. Behavioral Approach 
(b) Classical Approach, Policy Approach. Behavioral Approach. Human Relations Approach 
(c) Classical Approach. Behavioral Approach, Human Relations Approach, Policy Approach 
(d) Classical Approach, Human Relations Approach. Behavioral Approach, Policy Approach

71. According to classical school, 'the Science of Public Administration' was based on 
(a) absence of ethical or normative values
(b) presence of codified principles and techniques 
(c) presence of scientific principles and methods of universal application 
(d) presence of empirical exact knowledge 

72. All persons in authority , who control the work of others, are supervisors. Which one of the following methods of supervision was NOT suggested by Millet ? 
(a) Prior approval of individual projects 
(b) Inspection of result as it leads to waste of time and energy 
(c) A reporting system on work progress 
(d) Budgetary limitations upon the magnitude of operations 

73. According to Henri Fayol the top management/higher civil service is responsible for the performance of five important functions, namely 
(a) planning, organising, command, co-ordination and control 
(b) policy making, planning, management, communication and reporting 
(c) organisation, budgeting, public relation, administrative reform and delegation 
(d) decision -making, delegation, planning, co-ordination and control

74. In his search for scientific approach to management, Fredrick W. Taylor said: "What constitutes a fari day's work will be a question for scientific investigation, instead of a subject to be bargained and haggled over".  
In this statement, Taylor used the term "a fair day's work" to ,
(a) Limit the working hours of labour 
(b) Fix wages on piece-rate basis 
(c) Save labour from exploitation by management 
(d) Eliminate work at night

75. The Hawthorne experiments of Mayo revealed the importance of 
(a) standardization of work procedure 
(b) informal social forces in the organisation 
(c) payment on group basis 
(d) management response to workers' demands

76. Which of the following pairs of authors and. their characterization of bureaucracy are correctly matched ?
1. M. Weber...................... Most rational form of organisation 
2. K. Marx......................... Bearer of private interests 
3. R. Merton...................... causing 'goal displacement' 
4. M. Michels..................... Creates "trained incapacity" 
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4        (b) 2 and 3 
(c) l and 4                 (d) 1, 2 and 3

77. Who, among the following, was instrumental in the evolution of the Concept of New Public Administration ?
(a) F. Marini                (b) H. George Fredrickson 
(c) Dwight Waldo        (d) H. A. Simon

78. Which of the following components are present in Weber's bureaucratic model ? 
1. Hierarchical arrangement of offices 
2. Division of work 
3. Written rules for carrying out assigned tasks 
4. Social status determining public employment 
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4            (b) 2 and 4 
(c) 1 and 3                    (d) 1, 2 and 3

79. Which of the following features of bureaucracy can be identified with Marx? 
1. It is a particular closed society within the State 
2. It is an integral part of the exploitative social system
3. It is an administrative body of appointed officials
4. What fetishism of commodities is to economics, bureaucracy is to politics
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4           (b) 2 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 4               (d) 1 and3

80. While conceiving an organisation chiefly as a designing process which one of the following writers felt that "lack of design is illogical, cruel, wasteful and inefficient' ?
(a) Luther Gulick
(b) Lyndall Urwick
(c) Henri Fayol
(d) James Mooney

81. Chris Argyris suggests the T group technique for improving the personal effectiveness of employees. Which one of the following is not part of this type of sensitivity training ?
(a) Individual employees have to expose their behaviour and  they give, receive and get feedback (b) It provides possibilities to learn the nature of effective group functioning
(c) Subordinates feel happier under conditions of directive leadership
(d) Psychological success, self-esteem and inter-personal competence can be increased

82. The code of conduct was maintained for group solidarity and informal pressure was used to set right the erring members of the group during the Hawthorne experiments. It did not include one being a
(a) rate-buster               (b) 'squealer'
(c) 'chiseler'                   (d) 'recluse'

83. Which one of the following approaches emphasized inter- group relationships in addition to the formal structure ?
(a) Historical approach
(b) Philosophical approach
(c) Legal approach
(d) Behavioral approach

84. Which one of the following statements about the systems approach to organization is NOT correct ?
(a) It is derived from one general systems theory
(b) It studies the organisation as a whole in relation to its environment
(c) It leads to certain fundamental principles of organisation
(d) It views the organization and its environment as interdependent for inputs and resources

85. Which one of the following methods can an administrator adopt in a crisis situation ?
(a) Acting within his jurisdiction of authority .
(b) Adopting the gangplank after informing his immediate superior
(c) Seeking the advice of his subordinates
(d) Obtaining orders of the higher ups through proper channel

86. Which of the following are correctly matched ?
1. Authority.................... It is accepted as legitimate
2. Power....................... Carrying out one's will despite resistance
3. Control...................... Ability to guide
4. Discretion.................. Choosing among alternatives causes of action
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4           (b) 2 and 4
(c) 1, 2 and 4               (d) l and3

87. Which of the following factors could place limitations on .the authority of a superior ?
1. Group behaviour
2. Social relationships
3. Organisational norms
4. Bonafide instructions
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4            (b) 1 and 2
(c) 3 and 4                    (d) 1, 2 and 3

88. Which of the following have undermined the importance of Principle of Unity of Command in recent years ?
1. Growing size and complexity of government
2. Increasing number and influence of civil servants
3. Manning of government positions by experts
4. Increasing number and influence of boards, commissions and auxiliary agencies
(a) 1 and 3       (b) 1 and 2
(c) 3 and 4       (d) 2 and 4

89. The statement, "Co-ordination is the olderly arrangement of group efforts, to provide unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose" is attributed to
(a) Willoughby
(b) Urwick
(c) Mooney
(d) White

90. When the delegation goes by a climate of understanding between the superior and subordinate, it is known as
(a) general delegation           (b) specific delegation
(c) formal delegation            (d) informal delegation

91. The chief reason for delegation of authority from headquarter to field offices is to 
(a) inculcate skill in the latter 
(b) facilitate local division-making 
(c) decongest the headquarter 
(d) control the field office

92. Which one of the following is a feature of the jobcentre supervisor, according to Likert ?
(a) He experts little pressure on the subordinates 
(b) He exercises general supervision 
(c) He exerts heavy pressure to get the work done 
(d) He motivates subordinates to achieve high performance goals

93. Which one of the following is NOT true of line activity ? 
(a) It has operational abilities 
(b) It stands for thought and facilitation 
(c) It decides the organisational goals 
(d) It has authority

94. According to Simon and March, which of the following are i the limitations of the classical theory ? 
1. Improper motivational assumptions 
2. Little attention given to the role of cognition in task identification and classification 
3. Little importance given to programme evaluation 
4. Lack of sophistication in the theory 
(a) 1, 2, 3 and 4            (b) 1 and 4 
(c) 2, 3 and 4                (d) 1, 2 and 3

95. Power to take decisions, communicating them to the subordinates for implementation and thus influencing behaviour pattern in an organisation is 
(a) Responsibility 
(b) Hierarchy 
(c) Authority 
(d) Unity of command

96. Mc Gregor's theory 'Y' emphasizes which of the following elements for an effective and successful organisation ? 
1. Acceptance by management of "hierarchy of human needs" concept and making room for its fulfillment in the work organisation. 
2. Enlargement of job 
3. Decentralization of authority 
4. Practice of MBO 
(a) 1 alone      (b) 1 and 2 
(c) 3 and 4     (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

97. Which of the following are the functions of the leader under human relations theory ?
1. To facilitate co-operative goal attainment among followers 
2. To provide opportunities for their personal growth and development 
3. To set up and enforce performance criteria to meet organisational goals 
4. To fulfill needs of the organisation 
(a) 1 and 3             (b) 1 and 2 
(c) 2 and 4             (d) 3 and 4

98. Which of the following are the phases in the decision making processes as conceptualized by Herbert A. Simon ? 
1. Intelligence           2. Design 
3. Choice                 4. Implementation 
(a) l and 4           (b) 1, 2 and 3 
(c) 2, 3 and 4      (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

99. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer : 
              List I                                            List II 
A. Immaturity-Maturity Theory               1. D. Mc Gregor 
B. Motivation-Hygiene Theory                2. Chris Argyris 
C. Human Group                                    3.  F. Herzberg 
D. Theory X                                           4. George C. Homans 
     A    B     C    D             A    B    C    D 
(a) 3     2      1    4         (b) 1     3    4     1 
(c) 2     3      1    4         (d) 3     2    4     1

100. Which of the following are the assumptions in Theory 'X'? 
1. Human beings have an inherent dislike of work 
2. Because of human dislike of work, people must be punished 
3. Human beings are committed to objectives 
4. Human beings avoid responsibility 
(a) 1, 2 and 4           (b) 1, 2 and 3 
(c) 3 and 4               (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

101. Which one of the following is NOT a feature of Barnard's theory of formal organization ?
(a) Common purpose
(b) Willingness to co-operate
(c) General incentives
(d) Communication

102. Valence Expectancy theory, an alternative theory of motivation, was proposed by
(a) Chris Argyris
(b) Victor H. Vroom
(c) A. H. Maslow
(d) Mc Gregor

103. Consider the following statements regarding Achievement - oriented leadership:
The leader
1. does not allow participation by subordinates
2. shows a genuine human concern for subordinates
3. sets challenging goals for subordinates
4. asks for and uses suggestions from subordinates
Of these statements
(a) 1 and 2 are correct               (b) 1, 2 and 3 are correct
(c) 3 and 4 are correct               (d) 2 and 4 are correct 

104. Match List I with List II and select the correct answer:
           List I                                      List II
 A. Masterman Committee           1. Recruitment
B. Assheton Committee                2. Political Activities
C. Satish Chandra Committee       3. Training
D. Fulton Committee                    4. Professionalism
     A    B    C    D        A    B    C   D
(a) 2     3    4     1  (b)   2     3    1    4
(c) 3     2    1     4  (d)   3     2    4    1

105. In India, rules governing conditions of service should NOT be made in violation of
(a) Articles 14, 15, 16 and 311 of the Constitution
(b) Articles 14, 310 and 311 of the Constitution
(c) Articles 15, 16, 310 and 311 of the Constitution
(d) Articles 14, 15, 16, 310 and 311 of the Constitution

106. Which one of the following is NOT an objective of Whitley Councils ?
(a) Ventilation of grievances through discussions
(b) Providing a forum for securing co-operation between State and civil servants
(c) Proposing legislation on issues relating to civil servants vis- a-vis their employment
(d) Hearing petitions filed by individual civil servants

107. A new All India service can be created by
(a) an amendment of the Constitution
(b) an executive order
(c) a resolution under Article 312 of the Constitution
(d) a statute

108. The mid -career Advance Professional Programme is Public Administration popularly known as APPP A for civil servants is organised by.
(a) HCM Rajasthan State Institute of Public Administration, Jaipur
(b) Administrative Staff College of India, Hyderabad
(c) Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi
(d) Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussorie

109. Which one of the following countries does NOT have a Civil Service Commission charged with the responsibility for recruitment to the higher civil service ?
(a) Canada
(b) U.S.A
(c) Britain
(d) France

110. The first Chairman of Administrative Reforms Commission was
(a) Shri K. Hanurilanthaiah
(b) Gulzari Lal Nanda
(c) Morarji Desai
(d) V. T. Krishnamachari

111. The political rights available to a civil servant in India do NOT prohibit him/her from
(a) expressing a political view
(b) contributing financially to a political party
(c) subscribing to a political movement
(d) Voting at national and state elections

112. Consider the following Reports :
1. Paul H. Appleby Report I.
2. A. D. Gorwale Report
3. Santhanam Committee's Report
4. Administrative Reforms Commission's Report
The correct chronological sequence of these reports
(a) 2, 1, 4, 3             (b) 2, 1, 3, 4
(c) 1, 2, 3, 4             (d) 1, 2, 4, 3

113. The Fifth Pay Commission of the Central Government had recommended
(a) retention of the existing system of classification of services/posts
(b) modification of the classification into Class I, class II, Class III and Class IV
(c) giving the existing classification into Group A, B, C, D "a decent burial " as it served no practical purpose
(d) introduction of the American system of position classification

114. Consider the following statements :
A budget presented in terms of functions, programmes and activities of the government is known
1. line items budgeting                    2. programme budgeting         3. performance budgeting      
Of these statements
(a) 1 alone is correct            (b) 1 and 2 are correct
(c) 2 and 3 are correct         (d) 1, 2 and 3 are correct

115. Consider the following statements :
In India, the Comptroller and Auditor General has to
1. audit government expenditure
2. make financial policy
3. sanction grants to various departments
4. see that public expenditure are in conformity with the government rules
Of these statements
(a) 2, 3 and 4 are correct         (b) 1 and 3 are correct
(c) 2 and 3 are correct             (d) 1 and 4 are correct

116. Which of the following is NOT true of Audit in India ?
(a) It is a Constitutional obligation
(b) It looks into the question of merits of expenditure
(c) It investigates into the impropriety, wastefulness or extravagance of expenditure
(d) It is governed by an executive order

117. When an advance grant is made by Parliament, pending the regular passage of the budget it is called
(a) vote on credit
(b) token grant .
(c) vote on account
(d) supplementary grant

118. What is the correct sequence of the stages of the enactment of the budget in India ?
(a) Passing of finance bill, appropriation bill, voting of demand for grants, general discussion
(b) General discussion, appropriation bill, voting of demands of grants, finance bill
(c) General discussion, voting of demands for grants, appropriation bill, finance bill
(d) Finance bill, voting of demands for grants, general discussion, appropriation bill

119. Consider the following statements :
The Finance Ministry is given tremendous control over the estimates of other Ministries because
1. usually a Cabinet Minister is in charge of it
2. it is not a spending Ministry
3. it is responsible for the conduct of all the financial transactions of the Government as a whole
4. no other ministry can spend without its sanction
Of these statements
(a) 1, 2 and 3 are correct      (b) 2, 3 and 4 are correct
(c) 1, 3 and 4arecorrect        (d) 1, 2 and 4arecorrect

120. 'Performance Budgeting' was introduced in India, on the recommendations of
(a) Gorwala Report
(b) Sanathanam Committee
(c) Administrative Reforms Commission
(d) Paul H. Appleby Report

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