A D V E R T I S E M E N T
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A D V E R T I S E M E N T
Civil Services Examination - 2006
1. Write an essay in about 300 words on any one of the following: (100)
(a) Social Impact of Black Money
(b) Women Combat Forces
(c) Internet as Virtual Library
(d) Fashion Boom in India
(e) Are we Aggressive and Rude People?
2. Read the passage carefully and write your answers to the following
questions in clear, correct and concise language (5 x 15 = 75)
There is no reason to believe that there are fundamental differences between
the East and the West. Human beings are everywhere human and hold the same
deepest values. The differences which are, no doubt, significant, are related to
external, temporary social conditions and are alterable with them. East and West
are relative terms. They are geographical expressions and not cultural types.
The differences among countries like China, Japan and India are quite as
significant as those among European or American countries. Specific cultural
patterns with distinctive beliefs and habits developed in different regions in
relative isolation from one another. There were periods when China and India
were pre-eminent in cultural affairs, others when Western nations became
dominant. For the last four centuries Western nations aided by scientific
development have dominated the East. The world has now reached a state of
inter-communication. All societies are fast becoming industrialized and new sets
of values are springing up. We are called upon to participate in the painful
birth of a new civilization. If we are to live together in peace we must develop
international cooperation and understanding.
It is for the political leaders to determine the practical steps by which the
sources of power and communication now available to us can be used for closer
cooperation and friendliness among the people of the world. No political
understanding can be made permanent without understanding at the cultural level.
Apart from its intrinsic importance, such understanding contributes to the
enrichment of human experience. Facile generalizations are made by philosophers
of history which are highly misleading. Hegel in his Lectures on the philosophy
of History says that �Persia is the land of light; Greece the land of grace;
India the land of dream; Rome the land of Empire,�
(a) What does the passage say about cultural differences in different
(b) What comments does the author make about the similarities and
dissimilarities between the East and the West?
(c) What, according to the passage, is the role of communication in building up
a new civilization?
(d) How will cultural understanding at the international level benefit human
(e) Why does the author call the statements of Hegel �facile generalization�?
3. Make a precis of the following passage keeping the length within the
limits of 230-240 words. It is not necessary to suggest a title. Failure to
write within the word limit may result in deduction of marks. The precis must be
written on the separate precis sheets provided for the purpose that must then be
securely fastened inside the answer book. Clearly state the number of words in
the precis at the end. (75)
We all show our feelings on issues by the way we look and react. This has been
referred to as body language. We tend to lean forward, hand on chin when we are
interested, or turn away when disinterested. Our hands and arms can indicate we
are open to what is being said by being relaxed, or show that we are not by
being clenched or crossed. We are, therefore, making body pictures of what we
feel and think all the time. Indeed people who are taking to us can often get as
much information from our body posture as from what we say of how we say it. We
might calmly but show we are anxious by moving from foot to foot or by blushing.
It is hard to control one�s behavioural reactions, for it is more of a stimulus
response reaction than the words we use.
Nevertheless through training it is feasible to portray the image you want to
others. With the advent of television as a major political medium there is a lot
of effort going into grooming representatives of organizations and particularly
chief executives to control their gestures and gesticulations. All this may
sound as if you need to be a good actor in order to be successful at
conversation control. The answer is, in one sense you do. There is no use in
saying one thing and doing another. The actual visual behaviour of shaking your
head, for example while saying yes will deafen the words. Those who are
effective at conversation control act in a congruent way. Their behaviour
matches their words. You can see they mean what they say. They present an
authentic picture because their visuals match their verbals. With practice it
is possible to improve performance in conversation without adding any more
words. The improvement can come because you improve your visual gestures and
gesticulations. For example, you can encourage another person by smiling when
he/she says something that pleases you. Indeed the smile is a very powerful
gesture. It can switch people �on and off� if done at the appropriate time.
Psychologists refer to the laws of conditioning and reinforcement. To be skilled
in conversation control you need to know and apply these laws. Conditioning
means having an effect on someone�s behaviour by introducing a condition that
either encourages or discourages that behaviour. For example, we have all been
conditioned to stop when we see a red light at a traffic intersection, and to
proceed if we see a green light. People can be conditioned in conversation by
such visual cues. For example if you want someone to continue talking, smile and
nod at regular intervals. The smile sets up the green light permission as a
condition for the other person to speak. The nod reinforces what is being said
and gives the unspoken permission to continue. People are very sensitive to such
permission cues and clues. If you stop smiling and head nodding, they will
usually stop and you can then contribute. Likewise you can influence the
attention of people with whom you are talking by the way you use your eyes and
hands, particularly when you are addressing a group. To exercise control it is
important to make eye contact with one or more people. If it is a group, move
your eye contact from time to time so that each person is being conditioned to
the fact that it could be their turn next for you to speak to them.
Body language and the gestures and gesticulations you make are key aspects of
conversation control. Many books have been written on the subject of how our
body very often tells others what we are thinking before we have spoken. The
visual clues get through much more quickly than the verbal ones. Also use your
hands to emphasize a point or get them to direct the listener�s gaze where you
want it to concentrate. The pointed finger or the open palm tells the story. Our
task is to line up what we say with what we do and vice versa, if you do clench
your fist and are angry, then your words should reflect this. If you are
relaxed, happy and smiling, they say no. (words: 705)
4. (a) Rewrite the following sentences after making necessary correction
of errors: (10)
(i) Neither percept nor dscipline are so forceful as example.
(ii) Do you know if there is a house for letting in the neighbourhood.
(iii) Who you said was coming to see me in the morning?
(iv) He was finding it increasingly difficult to mike his two ends meet.
(v) The poor people of the village buy neither vegetables nor grow them,
(vi) On entering the hail, the humber of visitors surprised me
(vii) The short story should not exceed more than two hundred words.
(viii) Before giving the mixture to the child shake it thoroughly.
(ix) Nothing has or could be more tragic than his death.
(x) The reason that the students these days are so undisciplined is that they do
not get any guidance from their parents.
(b) Fill in the blanks with appropriate preposition/particle and rewrite the
completed sentences: (5)
(i) I told him that he could not catch a big fish __________ a small rod.
(ii) He was taken __________ task for shortage in cash balance.
(iii) The father pulled ___________ his son for his extravagant habits.
(iv) He is so clever, it is difficult to see __________ his tricks.
(v) I have been invited by my friend __________ tea.
(c) Choose the appropriate verb form to fill in the blanks and rewrite the
(i) The efficiency of a plant ________ by the load it can take.
(A) knows (B) is known
(C) has been known (D) has known
(ii) Everyday last week my aunt _______ a plate.
(A) breaks (B) was broken
(C) broke (D) has broken
(iii) If I _________ one more question, I would have passed.
(A) had answered (B) would have answered
(C) would answer (D) has broken
(iv) He promised _______________ me a post in his department.
(A) to have given (B) having given
(C) have given (D) to give
(v) Please don�t ______________ when you go out.
(A) leave opening the door (B) leave the door open
(C) Leave the door opened (D) leave open the door
(d) Change the following sentences into Indirect Speech: (5)
(i) He said, �I will not approve of such a behaviour in future.�
(ii) He said on the telephone, �We kept on doing our work till late night.�
(iii) She said, �As your mother is ill, you must go home at once.�
(iv) Ram said to Sita, �Do you intend to come with me to the forest?�
(v) The child said to the Sherpa, �Why didn�t you choose to climb to the Moon?�
5. (a) Fill in the blank with an appropriate derivative of the word given
within brackets & rewrite the sentences: (10)
For example: It has been raining (continue) continuously for two days.
(i) She had few rights but all the (responsible) _______ of her work.
(ii) Women chose not to vote (machine) ____________ at the bidding of their men
(iii) In South Africa, certain areas are (exclude) __________ meant for white
(iv) The Pathans of the Frontier are (descend) __________ of Genghis Khan.
(v) The court ordered him a heavy fine and (prison) ____________ of 3 years.
(vi) India lodged a complaint with Pakistan for (courage) ________ terrorism in
(vii) Candidates with Graduate degrees in (Human) _________and Arts prefer
(viii) Despite ne call for ceasefire, the war continued (abate) __________.
(ix) A creative person is known for his (source) ___________ and flexibility.
(x) The police could not control the situation as the protesters (number)
_________ them manifold.
(b) Make sentences using the following words as directed so as to bring
out the meaning: 10
(i) Pitch (as noun and verb)
(ii) Mirror (as noun and verb)
(iii) Humble (as adjective and verb)
(iv) In (as adverb and preposition)
(c) Use the following phrases/idioms in sentences so as to bring out the
(i) bell the cat
(ii) thank one�s stars
(iii) be on tenterhooks
(iv) true to one�s salt colours
(v) come ant with flying
ESSAY - 2006
Write an essay on any one of the following topics
1. Women�s Reservation Bill Would Usher in Empowerment for Women in India.
2. Protection of Ecology and Environment is Essential for Sustained Economic
3. Importance of Indo-U.S. Nuclear Agreement.
4. �Education For All� Campaign in India: Myth or Reality.
5. Globalization Would Finish Small-Scale Industries in India.
6. Increasing Computerization Would lead to the Creation of Dehumanized Society.