1. Place of Telugu among Dravidian languages and its antiquity-Etymological
history of Telugu, Tenugu and Andhra.
2. Major linguistic changes in phonological, morphological, grammatical and
syntactical levels, from Proto-Dravidian to old Telugu and from old Telugu to
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3. Evolution of spoken Telugu when compared to classical Telugu-Formal and
functional view of Telugu language.
4. Influence of other languages and its impact on Telugu.
5. Modernization of Telugu language.
(a) Linguistic and literary movements and their role in modernization of
(b) Role of media in modernization of Telugu (Newspapers, Radio, TV etc.)
(c) Problems of terminology and mechanisms in coining new terms in Telugu in
various discourses including scientific and technical.
6. Dialects of Telugu-Regional and social variations and problems of
7. Syntax-Major divisions of Telugu sentences-simple, complex and compound
sentences-Noun and verb predications-Processes of nominlization and
relativization-Direct and indirect reporting-conversion processes.
8. Translation-Problems of translation, cultural, social and
idiomatic-Methods of translation-Approaches to translation-Literary and other
kinds of translation-various uses of translation.
1. Literature in Pre-Nannaya Period-Marga and Desi poetry.
2. Nannaya Period-Historical and literary background of Andhra Mahabharata.
3. Saiva poets and their contribution-Dwipada, Sataka, Ragada, Udaharana.
4. Tikkana and his place in Telugu literature.
5. Errana and his literary works-Nachana Somana and his new approach to
6. Srinatha and Potana-Their woks and contribution.
7. Bhakti poets in Telugu literature-Tallapaka Annamayya, Ramadasu, Tyagayya.
8. Evolution of prabandhas-Kavya and prabandha.
9. Southern school of Telugu literature-Raghunatha Nayaka, Chemakura
Vankatakavi and women poets-Literary forms like yakshagana, prose and
10. Modern Telugu Literature and literary forms-Novel, Short Story, Drama,
Playlet and poetic forms.
11. Literary Movements : Reformation, Nationalism, Neo-classicism,
Romanticism and Progressive, Revolutionary movements.
12. Digambarakavulu, Feminist and Dalit Literature.
13. Main divisions of folk literature-Performing folk arts.
Answers must be written in Telugu.
This paper will require first hand reading of the prescribed texts and will
be designed to test the candidates critical ability, which will be in relation
to the following approaches.
i) Aesthetic approach-Rasa, Dhwani, Vakroti and Auchitya-Formal and
Structural-Imagery and Symbolism.
ii) Sociological, Historical, Ideological, Psychological approaches.