Here are some tips and
strategies to handle your Geography paper in the mains exams for the IAS. First
heres how you should write your answers.
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You should first understand
the question and only then attempt to answer it. The question could be
discussion-based or analytical or you need to elaborate or elucidate. As a
result you are needed to answer according what the question wants. Whatever
the query is, you are required to give an orderly and logical presentation
A D V E R T I S E M E N T
There should not be any
contradiction within or between the answers. What the examiner is looking
for in your answers is concept and how organized your thinking is. Thinking
pattern is best reflected in the structure of an answer.
There should not be any
extreme views when you are debating an issue.
There is no need to quote
Answers should be well
balanced. Every component of the question should be given equal weightage.
The idea is that you might
know about all topics but you should develop your own language to write
Focus should be on
memorizing facts and then back up with your language. Your expression does
not require you to write difficult English words. It should be as simple as
Listed below are some of the
main topics that should be covered. Since some sections come only on alternate
years, please follow the trend and exclude a topic if it has been majorly
covered in the previous year and choose another in the same category. This does
not mean short question may not come.
Plate tectonics, earthquakes and volcanism are significant sections in
Geomorphology. The Union Public Service Commission keeps on alternating queries
between endogenic and exogenic forces every year.
In this section, you can expect significant number of questions from tropical
cyclones and climatic changes.
Marine resources, which include biotic, mineral and energy resources and ocean
currents are few of the important areas in Oceanography.
Perspectives in Human
Population and Settlement
Distribution of world population Causes and consequences of migration Functional
classification of towns
Growth centers and growth poles
Models, Theories and Laws in
Systems analysis in Human Geography Central Places theories of Christaller and
Losch Laws of international boundaries and frontiers
Structure and relief Natural vegetation
Agricultural intensity Agro and social forestry Livestock resources and white
Location factor of cottage industry
Transport, Communication and
Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade, trade balance
Developments in communication technology and its impact on economy and society
Morphology of Indian cities Conurbations and metropolitan regions Urban sprawl
Slums and associated problems
Regional Development and
Decentralised planning Multi-level planning Geography and regional planning
Geographical basis of Indian federalism India and geopolitics of the Indian
Environmental hazard like landslide Changes in pattern of land use Principles of
environmental impact assessment and environmental management