Animal Husbandry and
1. Animal Nutrition-Energy
sources, energy, metabolism and requirements for maintenance and production of
milk, meat, eggs and wool. Evaluation of feeds as sources of energy.
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A D V E R T I S E M E N T
1.1. Trends in protein
nutriton: sources of protein metabolism and synthesis, protein quantity and
quality in relation to requirements. Energy protein ratios in ration.
1.2. Minerals in animal
diet : Sources, functions, requirements and their relationship of the basic
minerals nutrients including trace elements.
1.3. Vitamins, Hormones
and Growth Stimulating, substances : Sources, functions, requirements and
inter-relationship with minerlas.
1.4. Advances in Ruminant
Nutrition-Dairy Cattle: Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to milk
production and its composition. Nutrient requirements for calves, heifers, dry
and milking cows and buffaloes. Limitations of various feeding systems.
1.5 Advances in Non-Rumiant
Nutrition-Poultry-Nutrients and their metabolism with reference to poultry, meat
and egg production, Nutrients requirements and feed formulation and broilers at
1.6 Advances in
Non-Ruminant Nutrition-Swine-Nutrients and their metabolism with special
reference to growth and quality of meat production, Nutrient requirement and
feed formulation for baby-growing and finishing pigs.
1.7. Advances in Applied
Animal Nutrition-A critical review and evalaution of feeding experiments,
digestibility and balance studies. Feeding standards and measures of food
energy. Nutrition requirements for growth, maintenance and production. Balanced
2. Animal Physiology :
2.1 Growth and Animal Production
:-Prenatal and postnatal growth, maturation, growth curves, measures of growth,
factors affecting growth, conformation, body composition, meat quality.
2.2 Milk Production and Reproduction and
Digestion : Current status of hormonal control of mammary development, milk
secretion and milk ejection. Male and Female reproduction organ, their
components and function. Digestive organs and their functions.
2.3 Environmental Physiology :
Physiological relations and their regulation; mechanisms of adaption,
environmental factors and regulatory mechanism involved in animal behaviour,
methods of controlling climatic stress.
2.4 Semen quality : Preservation and
Artificial Insemination-Components of semen, composition of spermatozoe,
chemical and physical properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen
in vivo and in vitro. Factors affecting semen production and quality
preservation, composition of diluents, sperm concentration, transport of diluted
semen. Deep Freezing techniques in cows, sheep and goats, swine and poultry.
Detection of oestrus and time of
insemination for better conception.
3. Livestock Production
and Management :
3.1 Commercial Dairy
Farming-Comparison of dairy farming in India with advanced countries. Dairying
under fixed farming and as a specialised farming, economic dairy farming,
Starting of a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement, organisation of the
Procurement of goods;
opportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the efficiency of dairy
animal, Herd recording, budgeting, cost of milk production; pricing policy;
Personnel Management. Developing Practical and Economic ration for dairy cattle;
supply of greens throughout the year, field and fodder requirements of Dairy
Farm, Feeding regimes for day and young stock and bulls, heifers and breeding
animals, new trends in feeding young and adult stock; Feeding records.
3.2. Commercial meat, egg
and wool production: Development of practical and economic rations for sheep,
goats, pigs, rabbits and poultry. Supply of greens, fodder, feeding regimens for
young and mature stock. New trends in enhancing production and management.
Capital and land requirements and socio-economic concept.
3.3. Feeding and
management of animals under drought, flood and other natural calamities.
4. Genetics and Animal
Breeding : Mitosis and Meiosis; Mendelian inheritance; deviations to
Mendelian genetics; Expression of genes; Linkage and crossing over; Sex
determination, sex influenced and sex limited characters; Blood groups and
polymorphism; Chromosome abberations; Gene and its structure; DNA as a genetic
material; Genetic code and protein synthesis; Recombinant DNA technology,
Mutations, types of mutations, methods for detecting mutations and mutation
4.1 Population Genetics
Applied to Animal Breeding: Quantitative Vs. qualitative traits; Hardy
Weinberg Law; Population Vs. individual; Gene and genotypic frequency; Forces
changing gene frequency; Random drift and small populations; Theory of path
coefficient; Inbreeding, methods of estimating inbreeding coefficient, systems
of inbreeding; Effective population size; Breeding value, estimation of breeding
value, dominance and epistatic deviation; partitioning of variation; Genotype X
environment correlation and genotype X environment interaction; Role of multiple
measurements; Resemblance between relatives.
4.2 Breeding Systems :
Heritability, repeatability and genetic and phenotypic correlations, their
methods of estimation and precision of estimates; Aids to selection and their
relative merits; Individual, pedigree, family and within family selection;
Progeny testing; Methods of selection; Construction of selection indices and
their uses; Comparative evaluation of genetic gains through various selection
methods; Indirect selection and Correlated response; Inbreeding, upgrading,
cross-breeding and synthesis of brees; Crossing of inbred lines for commercial
production; Selection for general and specific combining ability; Breeding for