IAS Mains Previous Year Paper Geography (1999)
Paper-I: Geography-1999 (Mains)
Time Allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 300
Candidates should attempt Question 1 and 2 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. All questions carry equal marks.
1. On the outline map of India provided, mark the following, and also write in your answer-book in not more than ten words, what you consider to be the most significant aspect of each of them :
(a) Farakka barrage
(c) Manali-leh highway
(d) Majuli riverain island
(e) Rajmahal hills
(f) Palghat gap
(g) Chhattisgarh plain
(h) Luni river
(j) Anandpur Sahib
On the outline map of World provided, mark the following, and also write in your answer-book in not more than ten words, what you consider to be the most significant aspect of each of them :
(b) Caribbean Sea
(d) West Bank
(e) Dakshin Gangotri
(f) Vatican City State
(g) Great Dividing Range
(j) Chagai hills
2. Write short notes on any three of the following in about 200 words each :
(a) Cs type of climate, as per Koeppen's .classification
(b) Submarine canyons
(c) Gravity model
(d) Primate city
3. Bring out the distinctions between the 'continental drift' theory and the 'plate tectonics' theory.
4. Make a comparative study of the tropical and temperate cyclones.
5. Discuss the relevance of 'watershed', as an ecosystem for the purpose of sustainable development.
6. Describe the sequence of major paradigm shifts in geo- graphic thought during the twentieth century.
7. Bring out the contrast between the internal structure of the pre-industrial and industrial cities.
8. How far do the patterns of economic development and those of human development correspond with each other in the world ? Illustrate your answer with examples.
Paper - II: Geography - 1999 (Mains)
Candidates should Questions 1and 5 which are compulsory, and any three of the remaining questions selecting at least one question from each Section. All questions carry equal marks. Illustrate your answers with suitable sketch-maps and diagrams.
1. Answer any three of the following in about 200 words each
(a) Evaluate the feasibility of the proposed Ganga-Cauveri drainage link.
(b) Discuss the role of institutional factors in the efficiency and productivity of agriculture in India.
(c) Examine the resources of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
(d) Bring out the present-day position of exploitation and processing of nuclear minerals in India.
2. Critically examine the problems and prospects of tribal areas in India.
3. Discuss the cropping patterns in different agricultural regions of India.
4. Examine the pattern of distribution and mode of exploitation of bauxite in India.
5. Answer any three of the following in about 200 words each
(a) Examine the importance of industrial estates in India.
(b) Discuss the geographical control of rural settlement pattern in India.
(c) Explain the role of railways as a unifying factor in Indian economy.
(d) Discuss the geopolitical importance of Indian Ocean area.
6. Bring out the trands in the development of fertilizer industry in India.
7. Discuss the concept of city region and referring to Indian cities, examine critically functional indicators used for delimiting the city region.
8. Discuss the role of languages in regional consciousness and national integration in India.