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Home » IAS Articles » Indian Administrative Services Articles » Important Articles of Indian Constitution

Important Articles of Indian Constitution

A D V E R T I S E M E N T
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Part 1 – Art. 1 to art. 4

  • Article 1- Name and territory of the union.
  • Article 2 – Admission and Establishment of the new state.
  • Article 3 – Formation of new states and alteration of areas, boundaries, and name of existing states.

Part 2 – Art. 5 to art. 11

  • Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.
  • Article 6- Rights of citizenship of certain person who have migrated to India from Pakistan.
  • Article 10- continuance of rights of citizenship.
  • Article 11- Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.

Part 3 – Art.12 to art.35

  • Article 12- Definition of the state
  • Article 13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
  • Originally, constitution provided for 7 basic fundamental rights, now there is only six rights, one Right to property U/A 31 was deleted from the list of fundamental rights by 44th amendment act 1978. It made a legal right U/A 300-A in Part XII of the constitution.

Some important Fundamental Rights are as:

Right to Equality: Art. 14 to Art. 18

  • Article 14- Equality before the law.
  • Article 15- Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex. Or place of birth.
  • Article 16- Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
  • Article 17- Abolition of the un-touchability.
  • Article 18- Abolition of titles

Right to Freedom: Art. 19 to art. 22

Art.19 guarantees to all the citizens the six rights

  1. · (a) Right to freedom of speech and expression.
  2. · (b) Right to assemble peacefully and without arms.
  3. · (c) Right to form associations or unions.
  4. · (d) Right to move freely throughout the territory of India.
  5. · (e) Right to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
  6. · (f) Right to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, and business.
  • Article 20- Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
  • Article 21-Protection of life and personal liberty.
  • Article 22- Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.

Right against Exploitation: Art.23 & art. 24

  • Article 23- Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
  • Article 24- Prohibition of employment of children in factories and mines. Under age of 14.

Right to Freedom of Religion: Art.25 to art. 28

  • Article 25- Freedom of conscience and free profession , practice and propagation of religion.
  • Article 26- Freedom to manage religious affairs.
  • Article 27- Freedom as to pay taxes for promotion of any particular religion.
  • Article 28- Freedom from attending religious instruction.

Cultural and Educational Rights:Art.29 & art. 30

  • Article 29- Protection of interest of minorities.
  • Article 30- Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions. 
  • Article 32- Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.

Part.4 Directive Principal of states Policy: Art 36 to art. 51

  • Article 36- Definition
  • Article 37- Application of DPSP
  • Article 39A- Equal justice and free legal aid
  • Article 40- Organisation of village panchayat
  • Article 41- Right to work , to education, and to public assistance in certain cases
  • Article 43- Living Wages, etc. for Workers.
  • Article 43A- Participation of workers in management of industries.
  • Article 44- Uniform civil code.( applicable in Goa only)
  • Article 45- Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
  • Article 46- Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes, ST,and OBC.
  • Article 47-Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public heath.
  • Article 48-Organisation of agriculture and animal husbandry.
  • Article 49- Protection of monuments and places and objects of natural importance.
  • Article 50- Separation of judiciary from executive.
  • Article 51- Promotion of international peace and security.

Fundamental Duties: Part IV-A- Art 51A

· It contains, originally 10 duties, now it contains 11 duties by 86th amendments act 2002.

Part 5 – Union ( 52-151)

  • Article 52- The President of India
  • Article 53- Executive Power of the union.
  • Article 54- Election of President
  • Article 61- Procedure for Impeachment of the President.
  • Article 63- The Vice-president of India.
  • Article 64- The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman the council of States.
  • Article 66-Election of Vice-president.
  • Article 72-Pardoning powers of President.
  • Article 74- Council of minister to aid and advice President.
  • Article 76- Attorney-General for India.
  • Article 79- Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 80- Composition of Rajya Sabha.
  • Article 81- Composition of Lok Sabha.
  • Article 83- Duration of Houses of Parliament.
  • Article 93- The speakers and Deputy speakers of the house of the people.
  • Article 105- Powers, Privileges,etc of the House of Parliament.
  • Article 109- Special procedure in respects of money bills
  • Article 110- Definition of "Money Bills".
  • Article 112- Annual Financial Budget.
  • Article 114-Appropriation Bills.
  • Article 123- Powers of the President to promulgate Ordinances during recess of parliament.
  • Article 124- Establishment of Supreme Court.
  • Article 125- Salaries of Judges.
  • Article 126- Appointment of acting Chief justice.
  • Article 127- Appointment of ad-hoc judges.
  • Article 128-Attendance of retired judge at sitting of the Supreme Court.
  • Article 129- Supreme court to be court of Record.
  • Article 130- Seat of the Supreme court.
  • Article 136- Special leaves for appeal to the Supreme Court.
  • Article 137- Review of judgement or orders by the Supreme court.
  • Article 141-Decision of the Supreme Court binding on all the courts.
  • Article 148- Comptroller and Auditor- General of India
  • Article 149- Duties and Powers of CAG.

Part 6 – States ( 152-237)

  • Article 153- Governors of State
  • Article 154- Executive Powers of Governor.
  • Article 161- Pardoning powers of the Governor.
  • Article 165- Advocate-General of the State.
  • Article 213- Power of Governor to promulgate ordinances.
  • Article 214- High Courts for states.
  • Article 215- High Courts to be court of record.
  • Article 226- Power of High Courts to issue certain writs.
  • Article 233- Appointment of District judges.
  • Article 235- Control over Sub-ordinate Courts.

Part 7 – 238 – Repealed

Part 8 – 239-242 – Union Territories

Part 9 – 243-243 O – Panchayats

  • Article 243A- Gram Sabha
  • Article 243B- Constitution of Panchayats

Part 9A – 243 P-243 ZG – Municipalities

Part 10 : Scheduled and Tribal Areas -244

Part 11 : Center- State Relations 245 – 263

Part 12 : Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits (264 – 300A)

  • Article 266- Consolidated Fund and Public Accounts Fund
  • Article 267- Contingency Fund of India
  • Article 280- Finance Commission
  • Article 300-A- Right to property.

Part 13 : Trade, Commerce and Intercourse within the territories of India (301-307)

  • Article 301-Freedom to trade, commerce, and intercourse.
  • Article 302- Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce, and intercourse.

Part 14 : Services Under Center and State (308-323)

  • Article 312- All- India-Service.
  • Article 315- Public service commissions for the union and for the states
  • Article 320- Functions of Public Service Commission.

Part 14A : Tribunals (323 A – 323 B)

  • Article 323A- Administrative Tribunals

Part 15 : Elections (324 – 329)

  • Article 324-Superintendence, direction and control of Elections to be vested in an Election Commission.
  • Article 325- No person to be ineligible for inclusion in or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste, or sex.
  • Article 326- Elections to the house of the people and to the legislative assemblies of states to be on the basis of adult suffrage.

Part 16 : Special Provisions to SC, ST, OBC, Minorities etc (330 -342)

  • Article 338- National Commission for the SC, & ST.
  • Article 340- Appointment of a commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes.

Part 17 : Official Language (343- 351)

  • Article 343- Official languages of the Union.
  • Article 345- Official languages or languages of a states.
  • Article 348- Languages to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts.
  • Article 351-Directive for development of the Hindi languages.

Part 18 : Emergency (352-360)

  • Article 352- Proclamation of emergency ( National Emergency).
  • Article 356- State Emergency (President's Rule)
  • Article 360- Financial Emergency

Part 19 : Miscellaneous (361-367)

  • Article 361- Protection of President and Governors

Part 20 : Amendment of Constitution (368)

  • Article 368- Powers of Parliaments to amend the constitution.

Part 21 : Special, Transitional and Temporary Provisions (369 – 392)

  • Article 370 – Special provision of J&K.
  • Article 371A –  Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
  • Article 371-J: Special Status for Hyderabad-Karnataka region

Part 22 : Short Text, Commencement, Authoritative Text in Hindi and Repeals (392 – 395)

  • Article 393 – Short title – This Constitution may be called the Constitution of India.



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